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NUS Libraries
    

Law in Other Jurisdictions

The following jurisdictions have been selected to reflect the collection housed in the C J Koh Law Library. The legal systems, except those of China and Europe, are based on the English common law system.

On this page:
 

Australia

 

Legislation/
Parliament

AustLII (Australasian Legal Information Institute)
Full text databases contain consolidated Commonwealth and state legislation. The Australian Treaties Library which includes texts from the Australian Treaty Series is also housed here.

Federal Register of Legislation
The Legislation Register is the authorised whole-of-government website for Commonwealth legislation and related documents. It contains the full text and details of the lifecycle of individual laws and the relationships between them. Managed by the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Parliament of Australia
Access to the Hansard as well as bills and accompanying explanatory memoranda.

Case Law/
Courts

AustLII (Australasian Legal Information Institute)
Full text databases contain decisions of most Australian courts and tribunals.

Colonial Case Law
The Colonial case law project run by Macquarie University Law School makes available decisions of the superior courts of New South Wales and Tasmania from the 18th  and 19th centuries as well as unreported appeals from the Australian colonies to the Privy Council before 1850. Entries are based on a mixture of newspaper and manuscript accounts of court records.

Federal Court of Australia
Searchable full text judgments of the Federal Court, Australian Competition Tribunal, Copyright Tribunal and various other tribunals.

High Court of Australia
Judgments, transcripts, practice directions and annual reports of the High Court.

Government/

Official Documents

australia.gov.au - publications
Full texts of government publications including the Australian government gazettes.

Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC)
Full texts of the Commission's publications, including reports, discussion and consultation papers.

GOV.AU
Access to information and services of Australian, state, territory and local governments.

General

Attorney-General's Department
For information relating to Australia's system of law and justice.

AustLII (Australasian Legal Information Institute)
A major resource of Australian legal information jointly operated by the Faculties of Law at the University of Technology, Sydney and the University of New South Wales. Contains full text databases of Commonwealth and state legislation as well as decisions of most Australian courts and tribunals. AustLII also houses a number of more specialised databases (such as the Australian Treaties Library) as well as an index to Australian law on the Internet.

Australian Copyright Council
Information on the copyright laws of Australia.

Database

LexisNexis AU
Database housing a wide range of Australian legal materials. Excellent for Australian legal research. Includes:

  • Australian Corporation & Securities Reports
  • Australian Law Reports
  • Unreported judgments
  • Australian Current Law
  • Casebase
  • Halsbury's Laws of Australia.

Access for NUS staff and students: NUS Libraries Resources

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Canada

 

Legislation/
Parliament

CanLII (Canadian Legal Information Institute)
Free access to Canadian federal, provincial and territorial legislation.

Justice Laws Website
Point-in-time access to consolidated Canadian Acts and regulations. Browse by title or use the advanced search engine. Administered by the Department of Justice.

Parliament of Canada
Access to Canadian bills and parliamentary debates.

Case Law/
Courts

CanLII (Canadian Legal Information Institute)
Free access to Canadian federal, provincial and territorial case law.

Federal Court of Canada
Full text of Federal Court decisions (1990,1991,1993-). Information on court processes and procedures.

Federal Courts Reports (FCR)
Court reports (vol. 1993-) published by the Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs.

Judgments of the Supreme Court of Canada
The Lexum collection contains Supreme Court of Canada judgments. The Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R.), dating back to 1877, are available in PDF.

Supreme Court of Canada
Information about the Canadian judicial system.

Government/
Official Documents 
 

Government of Canada
Access to Canadian government information and services.

General

CanLII (Canadian Legal Information Institute)
An essential component of the legal information system in Canada, providing an integrated website for primary sources of Canadian federal, provincial and territorial law. Produced by the LexUM Laboratory and funded by the Federation of Law Societies of Canada.

LawCentral Alberta
Programme of the Legal Resource Centre of Alberta in association with the Faculty of Extension, University of Alberta. Contains links to legal news and various Canadian legal resources.

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China

 

Legislation/
Parliament

China Legislative Information Network System
Database of China laws administered by the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council.

Case Law/
Courts

Supreme People's Court of the Republic of China
Information on the judicial system, and selected full text laws of the People's Republic of China.
 

Government/
Official Documents

State Council of the People's Republic of China
Official government Web portal. Gateway to official publications, including white papers, and laws and regulations.
 

General

CHINA.ORG.CN
The China Internet Information Center provides access to up-to-date information on China laws and policies. This authorised government portal site to China is published under the auspices of the State Council Information Office and the China International Publishing Group in Beijing.

Intellectual Property Protection in China
Information includes IP cases, laws and treaties. This website is sponsored by Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China.

WorldLII: China
Contributors to this index of China laws are the Asian Development Bank, the Tsinghua University School of Law, the Hong Kong Legal Information Institute and AustLII.

Database

LawinfoChina
Database providing access to Chinese laws and regulations, cases, gazettes, law journals and legal news.
Access for NUS staff and students: NUS Libraries Resources
 
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Europe

 

General

Council of Europe
Important information on human rights, in particular recent judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. Council of Europe treaties are also available here.

Europa (The European Union On-Line)
Portal site of the European Union. Information on policies administered by the EU as well as access to websites of EU institutions including the

EUR-Lex
Portal to European Union Law which incorporates the CELEX service. This system makes it possible to consult the Official Journal of the European Union and includes inter alia treaties, legislation, case law and legislative proposals.

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Includes texts of EFTA Convention and free trade agreements between EFTA states and their partners.

The Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law & Justice
The Center focuses on the study of international and European economic integration and European Union law. Resources on this website include the Jean Monnet Working Papers.

Database

Justis
Database containing EU law including the Official Journal and EU cases.
Access for NUS staff and students: via NUS Libraries Resources
 
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Hong Kong SAR

 

Legislation/
Parliament

Department of Justice
Information on the Hong Kong legal system. Contains full texts of Hong Kong laws, including the Basic Law and treaties.

HKLII (Hong Kong Legal Information Institute)
Databases provide access to Hong Kong SAR ordinances and regulations, including historical laws.

Hong Kong e-Legislation (HKeL)
Database of Hong Kong legislation maintained by the Department of Justice. HKeL provides current and past versions of consolidated legislation dating back to 30 June 1997. PDF copies marked “verified copy” have official legal status.

Legislative Council
Proceedings of Council meetings (Hansard), bills, subsidiary legislation and rules of procedure.

Case Law/
Courts  

HKLII (Hong Kong Legal Information Institute)
Databases containing cases from from the various Hong Kong SAR courts and tribunals.

Judiciary
Official website of the Hong Kong SAR judiciary. Includes practice directions and selected judgments of the various courts.

Government/
Official Documents

GovHK
Gateway to all databases of government departments in Hong Kong SAR. Includes links to consultation papers, government gazettes and laws.

The Law Reform Commission of Hong Kong (LRC)
Full texts of the Law Commission's reports and consultation papers.

General

HKLII (Hong Kong Legal Information Institute)
Free access to Hong Kong primary legal materials and some publicly available secondary materials. Legal information system jointly developed and operated by the University of Hong Kong Department of Computer Science and Faculty of Law

Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEx)
Information includes rules and regulations governing Hong Kong's securities and futures markets.

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India

 
Legislation/
Parliament

India Code
The India Code Information System (INCODIS) contains all Central Acts of Parliament from 1836 onwards. Updated by the Legislative Department, Ministry of Law and Justice.

Indian Parliament
The Indian Parliament comprises the President and the two Houses - Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People). This governmental portal provides links to the official websites of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Case Law/
Courts

Indian Courts
Indian Courts is a bouquet of websites of the Supreme Court and all 21 High Courts and their Benches in India, providing single point access to information related to the Supreme Court and any High Court in India.

Judgments Information System (JUDIS)
Website contains judgments of the Supreme Court of India and several High Courts. In the case of the Supreme Court, all reported Judgments published in the SCR Journal since its inception (i.e. 1950) till date are available here.

Government/
Official Documents

india.gov.in
The national portal of India. See also GOI Web Directory.

Law Commission of India
Full text of the Law Commission's reports from Report no.1.

Ministry of Law & Justice
Information on the work of the Ministry and its various departments.

General

CommonLII: Resources: India
Database of Indian legal resources available on CommonLII.

Database

Manupatra
Source of Indian primary and secondary legal sources. Includes Central and several state bare acts, bills, notifications as well as cases from the Supreme Court and High Courts.
Access for NUS staff and students: NUS Libraries Resources
 
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New Zealand

 

Legislation/
Parliament

Knowledge Basket: LegislationNZ
Free to browse NZ Acts (unconsolidated), Regulations, Bills and SOPs and the ‘Shattering Statutes’, covering the period 1987-2007. Do take note that legislation contained in the open access section of the database is historical and unconsolidated.

New Zealand Legislation
Authoritative source of NZ Acts, Bills and legislative instruments. Published by the Parliamentary Counsel Office.

New Zealand Parliament
Publications include Bills, Hansard (2000-) and select committee reports (2002-).

Case Law/
Courts

Courts of New Zealand
Information about the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court and District Court. This website also links to judgments of the various courts.

Judicial Decisions Online (JDO)
Searchable database of judgments and decisions sourced from New Zealand Courts:

  • Supreme Court (all)
  • Court of Appeal (2003 -)
  • High Court (2005 -).

New Zealand's Lost Cases
This project involves the collation of early, unreported New Zealand cases that exist in newspapers, manuscript collections, archives and judges' notebooks. Funded by the New Zealand Law Foundation, the project is primarily concerned with decisions of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal up until 1883 and the Native Land Court, 1863-1895. The Lost Cases are also available in NZLII.

NZ Case Law
Databases administered by NZLII, providing access to case law from NZ courts and tribunals, including the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and High Court.

Government/
Official Documents

Govt.nz
Official gateway to New Zealand government websites.

Law Commission (Te Aka Matua O Te Ture)
Background information on the work of the New Zealand Law Commission as well as full texts of the Commission's publications.

General

NZLII (New Zealand Legal Information Institute)
NZLII, a  joint project of the University of Otago Faculty of Law, University of Canterbury and AustLII with the assistance of the Law School, Victoria University of Wellington, provides free access to primary and secondary legal information.
 
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Pacific Islands

 

General

PacLII (Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute)
Initiative of the University of the South Pacific School of Law containing legislation and court decisions from the Pacific Islands including Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Samoa and Tonga.
   

South Africa

 

Legislation/
Parliament
 

Parliament of the Republic of South Africa
Access to the Hansard, parliamentary papers, Bills and Acts.

SAFLII (Southern African Legal Information Institute)
Apart from South African consolidated legislation, SAFLII also hosts legislation from other countries in the region.

Case Law/
Courts

Constitutional Court of South Africa
Rules and judgments of the Court.

SAFLII (Southern African Legal Information Institute)
Cases from the various South African courts. Also contains cases from other countries in Southern and Eastern Africa.

Government/
Official Documents

South Africa Government Online
Documents available on this website include legislation, bills, notices, white papers and green papers.
 

General

SAFLII (Southern African Legal Information Institute)
Provides online access to the legal materials (legislation, treaties, decisions of courts and tribunals, and journals) from 16 Southern and Eastern African countries.
 
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United Kingdom

 

Legislation/
Parliament

BAILII (British and Irish Legal Information Institute)
Access to UK, Irish, Northern Ireland, Scottish and Welsh legislation.

Legislation.gov.uk
Official website for enacted and revised UK legislation.

List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
This is an incomplete but useful list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from its establishment in1801.

UK Treaties
Access to the UK Treaties Online (UKTO) service that provides details of over 14,000 treaties involving the UK. Treaty records are based on information received by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office.

United Kingdom Parliament
Valuable resources include the Hansard, current bills and select committee reports. The Hansard Digitisation Project enables you to search for historic Hansard (1803-2005).

Case Law/
Courts

BAILII (British and Irish Legal Information Institute)
Search this database for cases from British and Irish courts and tribunals. Cases include recent ones bearing the neutral citations:

Courts and Tribunals Judiciary
Provides information on the England and Wales justice system as well as full texts of the latest court judgments.

English Reports (1220-1873)
PDF copies of these nominate reports are housed in CommonLII.

House of Lords Judgments: Archive
Judgments from 14 Nov 1996-30 July 2009 published on the UK Parliament website. The judicial role of the House of Lords as the highest appeal court in the UK has been taken over by the Supreme Court.

ICLR: Case Summaries
Summaries of the latest Supreme Court decisions published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales.

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council: Decided Cases
Decisions from 2009 onwards. For judgments handed down before 31 July 2009, refer to the Privy Council Papers, an ongoing project by the University of Exeter and University of Reading.

The Supreme Court
Judgments of the court from 29 Oct 2009 and summaries of current cases. Also contains the full text of the Rules of the Supreme Court 2009.

Government/
Official
Documents

GOV.UK
The official UK public service information provider. Contains official government publications including command papers.

Justice
Provides information on the administration and regulation of the justice system in England and Wales.

Law Commission
Contains full texts of the Commission's publications, including law reform reports and consulation papers from 1 Jan 1995. Earlier reports are available via BAILLI.

General

BAILII (British and Irish Legal Information Institute)
BAILII provides access to the most comprehensive collection of British and Irish primary legal materials on the Internet. The OpenLaw project has now added books and journals to BAILII. European Union case law is also available. BAILII is hosted by the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London and the Law Faculty, University College, Cork.

The Guardian: Law
Legal news from the Guardian newspaper.

Hamlyn Lectures Archive
This prestigious series of lectures (1949-2009) is made available in PDF on the University of Exeter website.

Lawlinks
The Templeman Library, University of Kent, has compiled an annotated list of legal web resources for the UK.

United Kingdom Law
Comprehensive Oxford LibGuide to UK law. Published by Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford.

Databases

ICLR
Contains the Law Reports, Weekly Law Reports and Business Law Reports.

House of Commons parliamentary papers
Includes over 200,000 House of Commons sessional papers from 1715 to the present, with supplementary material back to 1688.

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United States of America

 

Legislation/
Congress

Congress.Gov
The official website of Congress contains information on legislative activities, the legislative process, U.S. legislation and congressional records (1995-)

Legal Information Institute (LII)
Includes links to the U.S. Code and Code of Federal Regulations.

Texts of International Agreements to which the US is a Party (TIAS)
Full texts of agreements from the Treaties and Other International Acts Series (1996-)

Uniform Law Commission
Access to uniform laws enacted by the Commission.

The United States Code
The Code is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. Prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives.

Case Law/
Courts

Supreme Court of the United States
Includes Supreme Court rules, opinions, orders and journal.

United States Courts
Information on the US court system maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.

General

American Arbitration Association (AAA)
Alternative dispute resolution guides, rules and procedures.

FindLaw
Searchable database of legal resources on the Internet, particularly for the U.S.

Legal Information Institute (LII)
The LII at Cornell Law School offers an excellent legal portal to US federal and state law.

JURIST
Legal news and real-time legal research service powered by a mostly-volunteer team of part-time law student reporters, editors and Web developers led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.

U.S. Government Documents
Columbia University has been a depository for U.S. Federal documents since 1882. CLIO has records for most U.S. government depository titles, indicating the location in one of the campus libraries, according to subject.

Academic institutions with good indexes to US legal resources on the Internet are :

Database

Lexis Singapore
Extensive collection of American primary and secondary legal sources.
Access: via NUS Libraries Resources for NUS staff and students.
 
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Indexes

AsianLII

CommonLII

LII

WashLaw

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Content updated on 17 Apr 2017

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