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钟声远播——新加坡华社先贤与教育
Passion & Knowledge: Singapore Chinese Pioneers in Education

 

 

19世纪初新加坡成为自由贸易港口,吸引了来自马六甲、廖内群岛、槟城、中国等地的华人到此谋生。他们在建设经济基础的同时,也重视本地的华文教育。华商积极筹资创校,使得华文教育如涟漪般在新加坡展开。另一方面,一批有志文人也投入教育事业,令本地教育事业蓬勃发展。

本次展览由晚晴园—孙中山南洋纪念馆与中正中学(总校)共同策划,介绍了四位对新加坡华文教育贡献良多的商界与文教界先贤;他们分别为胡文虎、刘韵仙、陈武烈及陈育崧。除了简述四位先贤的生平事迹,也特别道出他们对于社会(特别是文教方面)的贡献。

After Singapore became a free trading port in the early 19th century, Chinese from places such as Malacca, Riau and China, migrated to Singapore in search of a greener pasture. Though the primary focus of these Chinese was on economic activities, they were also aware of the importance of developing a comprehensive education system for the local Chinese. Two groups of Chinese, namely the businessmen and the educators, played a crucial role in the shaping of the education scene in Singapore. The wealthy businessmen contributed financially to the establishment and operation of schools in Singapore, while the educators established visions for the schools, provided the necessary materials and devised curriculum for the students.

This exhibition is co-curated by Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall and Chung Cheng High School (Main), and features the contributions of four loca Chinese business and education pioneers, namely Aw Boon Haw, Liew Yuen Sien, Tan Boo Liat and Tan Yeok Seong, who contributed much to the development of education in Singapore. The exhibition narrates a brief biography of the four pioneers, and highlights their contributions towards the Chinese society, in particular the educational and cultural sphere.

以下提供展览中英文介绍,并提供本馆相关馆藏链接:


胡文虎(1882 – 1954年)
胡文虎1908年与弟弟胡文豹继承父亲的永安堂药店。兄弟俩研发并生产中药成药,其中包括了脍炙人口的虎标万金油,并将父亲的生意扩展至中国与东南亚各处。除了中药业,胡文虎也开办报纸,如:星洲日报等。因了解教育的重要性,胡文虎积极出资在新加坡与中国开办学校。此外,他也将经商所得慷慨捐赠予医院、安老院等福利机构。

Aw Boon Haw (1882 – 1954)
In 1908, Aw Boon Haw and his younger brother, Aw Boon Par inherited their father’s Chinese medical shop, Eng Aun Tong. They expanded Eng Aun Tong’s business to all parts of Southeast Aisa, and produced the well-known Tiger Balm. Besides Eng Aun Tong, Aw also ventured into the printed media, and established presses such as Sin Chew Jit Poh. As an advocator of education, he donated generously to fund schools in both Singapore and China. He is also a philanthropist who contributed generously to welfare organisations.

本馆馆藏:
LINC : Keyword search > 胡文虎

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刘韵仙(1901 – 1975年)
刘韵仙于1927年受时任南洋女学校校董会主席李振殿之邀,出任南洋女学校校长。她担任长达40年,在任期间做过多项改革,提倡体能教育,并增办幼稚园等课程,使南洋女学校能为女子提供完整的教育。1930年,为统一新加坡学生水平,她与其他本地教育家设立小学会考制度。这项制度后来为新加坡多所学校采用。

Liew Yuen Sien (1901 – 1975)
Liew Yuen Sien was appointed as principal of Nanyang Girls’ School by Lee Chin Tian, then Chairman of the school’s Board of Director. During her 40 years of service, she initiated several reforms, including advocating physical education, and establishing course at the pre-school level to provide a more comprehensive education for girls. In 1930, Liew worked with several educators and implemented graduation examination for Chinese schools in the effort to standardise the academic ability of the students across the nation. This system was eventually adopted by many local schools.

本馆馆藏:
LINC : Keyword search > 刘韵仙

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陈武烈(1874 – 1934年)
陈武烈身为新加坡华社领袖之一,不遗余力地促进华社福利、进行社会改革及拓展教育事业。他也关心中国时事,曾参与同盟会,支持孙中山的革命事业。陈武烈也关注新加坡教育发展,参与创办新加坡华人女子学校,提倡成立新式学校道南学校,也曾担任崇福女学校、崇正学校等新加坡华校校董。

Tan Boo Liat (1874 – 1934)
As a leader in the Chinese community, Tan Boo Liat played an active role in the promoting of social welfare, reformation of the Chinese society and expansion of Chinese education. Being concerned about the current affairs in China, he joined the Tong Meng Hui (Chinese Revolutionary Alliance) and supported Dr. Sun Yat Sen in his revolutionary cause. Tan also founded the Singapore Chinese Girls’ School and Taonan School, and served in the Board of Directors for several other schools.

本馆馆藏:
LINC : Keyword search > 陈武烈

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陈育崧(1903 – 1984年)
陈育崧自幼在槟城接受英文与华文教育,之后前往中国厦门大学深造。1926年厦大毕业后,在新加坡陈嘉庚公司就职。他也曾担任海峡殖民地(槟城、马六甲及新加坡)的华校视学馆长达十15年。陈育崧对于新加坡教育界、学术界贡献良多:他创办南洋书局,为莘莘学子出版教科书与益智书刊,倡议办学,以及提倡和推动南洋研究。

Tan Yoke Seong (1903 – 1984)
Tan Yoke Seong received both English and Chinese educations in Penang, before he furthered his studies in Amoy University (Xiamen University) in China. He worked in the Tan Kah Kee & Co. in Singapore upon his graduation in 1926. Later, he served as the Inspector of Chinese Schools for 15 years. Tan’s contributions to education and academia included the establishing of the Nanyang Book Co., Ltd. which focused on the publication of educational materials, advocating founding of schools and promoting research on the Nanyang (Southeast Asia) region.

本馆馆藏:
LINC : Keyword search > 陈育崧

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Content updated on 25 Jan 2017

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